brazil and migration

  • Created by: beaw18
  • Created on: 05-06-19 18:08
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  • brazil and migration
    • general info
      • 7th largest economy in world
      • leading power of south america
      • average gdp per capita of $5823
    • current spatial patterns of immigration and emigration
      • 2005 - 2009; net migration loss of half a million
      • 2007-2014; net migration loss of 190, 000
      • increased migration between brazil and neighbouring countries
      • slowed emigration of low skilled emigrants to USA
      • increased emigration of high skilled workers to Europe, USA and Japan
      • influx of migrants from Haiti as well as some African countries
      • rise in international labour markets for world cup an d olympic games
    • changes in immigration and emigration over time
      • ex colony of portugal, relationship remains
      • 18th and 19th century - brazil a net recipient of migrants from europeans attracted to coffee industry
      • strong links with neighbouring countries
      • in 2000 0.98 million Brazilians lived abroad. in 2013 this rose to 1.77 million
      • USA and Japan have largest Brazilian populations outside of Brazil with 370,000
      • largest group of migrants in Brazil are Portuguese, with 140,000
    • interdependence and migrant flows
      • portugal
        • longstanding bilteral relatinship as brazil is a former colony
        • portugal a gateway to europe
        • shared language, religion and ancestry
      • USA
        • low skilled economic migrants bring back new skills, gain remittances to help brazilian development
        • the countries have negotiated agreements in agriculture, trade, finance, education
        • USAID gives support to environmental projects such as forest management
      • haiti
        • humanitarian relationship
        • National Immigration Council allows Haitians to obtain visas with relative ease to prevent issues like people smuggling
        • 11,072 Haitian migrants in Brazil in 2013
    • the impacts of migration
      • economic development
        • previous waves of migrants from Europe and Japan have established agriculture industries
        • arrival of highly skilled bring new ideas and development
        • remittances contribute $2.4 billion, 0.1% of total gdp
      • political stability
        • stable democracy, Mercosur leaders
        • stable relationships between USA, Portugal and Japan
        • receiver of environmental and political refugees
    • social equality
      • UNESCO note ethnic inequalities in housing provision, access to services, educational attainment and income
      • Brazilian Africans worse treated
      • spatial inequalities in favelas and rural areas
      • prejudice and discrimination in labour markets against black and indigenous groups


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