Brazil EDC

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  • Brazil- EDC
    • current patterns
      • net migration loss between 2010- 2014 of 190,000
      • increased migration between Brazil and its neighbouring countries
      • slowing migration of lower skilled economic migrants to USA, increase highly skilled economic migrants
      • labour migrants attracted by construction of 2014 world cup and 2016 Olympics
    • interdependence with countries connected to Brazil by migrant flows
      • Portugal-
        • long standing bilateral relationship on political, social and economic basis.- 140,000 Portuguese come to Brazil
        • Portuguese gov. give special status to Brazilian migrants- gateway to EU,
        • reciprocal migration is supported by social diaspora networks in both countries, migrant remittances are an important factor
      • USA
        • low skilled migrants remit a significant about of money
        • migrants gain skills and knowledge to contribute to Brazil- help development- 370,000 migrants go to USA
        • skilled Brazilians are finding opportunities to work in the service sector- strong links to education
      • Hati
        • Immigration council allows Haitians to obtain visas easily- reduces vulnerability to trafficking
        • benefits Haitians who have found it hard to recover from the 2010 earthquake- displaced 1.5 million
        • Haitians escape political instability, unemployment, poverty, poor access to services, gender based violence
    • projected change in population in next 15 years
      • less younger people with still a high number of people aged 30-34. population increase
      • less people of an ageing population, less people being born- more developed less children
      • more economically active migrants
    • impact of migration
      • economic development
        • wave of immigration has contributed to growth in agriculture and manufacturing sectors.
        • recent highly skilled migrants have contributed to innovation and reducing gaps in the labour market
        • migrant remittances- housing improvements, education and genral consumption- development on all scale
      • political stability
        • stable political relationship between Brazil and the countries which it has significant migrant flows
        • membership of Mercousur- trading bloc with free flow of trade and migration- helped integration and promotion of political stability
      • social equality
        • inequalities have spatial perspectives-poverty concentrated in rural areas and favelas- poor migrate
        • discrimination in the labour market- impedes on full development potential


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