Brandenburg Concerto No.5 Movement 3

  • Created by: jelomo
  • Created on: 01-12-18 12:29
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  • Brandenburg Concerto No.5 Movement 3
    • Harmony and Tonality
      • Diatonic
      • Use of root position and first inversion chords
        • Tonic is Dmajor, the relative minor is B Minor, dominant of D major and A major and the relative minor of this is F# minor.
          • Goes round all four keys
      • Pedals
      • Suspensions
      • Perfect cadence before each new key
      • Functional harmony
    • Melody
      • Fugue - a melody which is then reinstated by another instrument.
      • Soloists, ripeno and continuo usage.
      • Conjunct movement moves to scalic semiquaver movment
      • Builds upon a two bar subject which is then developed into a counter melody
      • Use of ornamentation
        • The melody is often transposed into new keys.
          • Concertino melodies are virtuosic (displaying or characterised by exceptional technical skill in music) and use passing notes between falling chord tones.
    • Texture
      • Monophonic in the first two bars of A
      • Counterpoint - create by the subject, answer and counter meldoy
      • Moments of Homophony
        • Melodies are treated as a fugue and in stretto
          • Dialogue between concertino instruments (flute, violin and Harpsichord)
            • Homophonic mometns in Section B
    • Tempo and Metre
      • In simple duple metre
        • In the style of a gigue
          • Uses many quaver triplets and dotted quavers
            • Metre ambiguity
              • Harpsichord has many semiquaver runs
              • Could also be written as 6/8 time
    • Structure
      • Ternary Form - an A section followed by B section followed by an A section again.
        • A is bar 1-78 and it is in D Major
          • B is bar 79-232 and it is in B minor (relatvie minor)
            • The repeated A section is b233 -310 in is again in D Major.
              • A separate structure in the B section called a Ritornello (a short instrumental refrain or interlude in a vocal work.
                • Use of motifs
    • Dynamics
      • No dynamics in the piece - left to the players descretion
        • Terraced dynamics - music becomes louder and softer as a result of the number of instruments playing opposed to a players expression.
          • key feature of Baroque music
            • A harpsichord is unable to change its dynamics
    • Resources and Sonority
      • Concertino - Soloists  - Flute, Violin , Harpsichord
        • Ripieno - the accompaniment - violins, violas, double basses, cello
          • Basso Continuo - bass part played by low instruments
            • Figured bass - numbers displayed intervals above each bass note indicating which chord and inversion allowing harpsichord player to improvise an accompaniment.
              • Instruments - Violin , flute, harpsichord, violas, cello, double bass
    • Context
      • Bach was born in 1685 and died in 1750.
        • Violin was the first instrument he learned.
          • They are written in Concerto Grosso form
            • Completed them in 1721
              • He had a new harpsichord and wanted to show it off through the music
                • The concertos were composed over a 10 year period.


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