BOXGROVE

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  • Created by: Oliver
  • Created on: 21-09-16 12:59
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  • BOXGROVE 500,000BP
    • Stone Tools
      • Chaulk cliffs provided local source of flint
      • waste flakes remain in-situ
      • Bifaces= napped to max cutting edges and ergonomic qualities
        • used in the butchery of large mammals
      • used a soft hammer made of bone or antler
      • Biface=ovate in shape
      • 2 stages - hammer stone (big pieces) antler (small)
    • Butchery
      • open area of good grazing from the otherwise forested interglacial environments
      • GTP17
        • Kill site of horse, deer, rhino, Hina
          • hominids used flint tools to extract marrow
          • rhino V butchery mark underlie U butchery marks = hominid not scavenging
        • Horse Scapula
          • high volicity damage= hunting-spear
            • Clacton spear 0.45mya
            • Schonigan spear 0.3mya
            • Language?
            • Clive Gamble= scavenged
              • Counter- cut marks don't indicate any hast
    • Environment
      • Spring fed water lagoon
      • Calcium Carbonate cliffs = aids preservation
      • 26km of Wessex coastal plain
      • Deposits=end of the temperate interglacial period
      • fresh localized water= attraction 4 grazing animals
        • consequently hominids game
      • attracted to to sandy freshwater channel environments
      • Cromerian Period
    • Homo Heidelberg
      • TIBIA- long/robust - 1.8m tall
        • tibia = gnawed by a carnivore
      • not at the top of the food chain
        • TIBIA- long/robust - 1.8m tall
          • tibia = gnawed by a carnivore
      • Tooth w/ cut marks on = used flint tool in the mouth

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