bowlby

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  • Created by: Ailbhe
  • Created on: 06-03-14 13:43
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  • Bowlby's Theory of attachment
    • suggested that attachment formation was an essential survival mechanism to ensure that physically helpless infants were cared for and nurtured in order to survive
      • human beings have an innate predisposition to become attached to a caregiver because of its long term benefits, which are similar to imprinting
    • internal working model: a cluster of concepts about relationships and what do expect from others (differs from person to person)
    • sensitive/ critical period: mothering must take place within a certain time frame for the child to become attached
      • mothering is useless for most children if delayed until 12months
      • useless for all children if delayed for 2.5 to 3 years
      • a childs attachmenet behaviour determines how far they will move away from the caregiver
      • attachment behaviour determines how fat they will move away from caregiver
    • imprinting: an innate readiness to develop a strong bond with a mother figure
      • Lorenz who showed that goslings attached to the first figure they saw. this suggests that young animals imprint on the first object it sees
    • contiunity hypothesis: the idea that there is a link between early attachment relationship and later emotional behaviour
    • monotropy: a strong innate desire to become attached to one person usally with the mother
      • this attachment is unique its the first to develop and is the strongest of all
    • caregiving is adaptive: it is also innate because it has evolutionary advantages (increases chances of offsprings survival)
      • babies are born with certain characteristics which encourage caregiving know as social releasers (crying, smiling)
  • suggested that attachment formation was an essential survival mechanism to ensure that physically helpless infants were cared for and nurtured in order to survive
    • human beings have an innate predisposition to become attached to a caregiver because of its long term benefits, which are similar to imprinting

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