Psychology: Bowlby's theory of attachment

This mindmap includes all the components of Bowlby's theory which include adaptive, social releasers, critical period/sensative period, monotropy, internal working memory and continuity hypothesis

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  • Created on: 08-01-13 12:26
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  • Bowlby's theory of attachment
    • Adaptive
      • Bowlby suggests infants have an innate drive to attach so they can survive and reproduce.
    • Social releasers
      • Bowlby says that adults care and look after children because of social releasers. Social releasers are behaviours or characteristics that elict a caring response. social releasers include coiing noises, crying, smiling and the babies face (big forehead and small nose)
    • Critical/sensative period
      • Bowlby highlights because of attachments being innate, there is a limited time for attachments to form. He also highlights that the primary caregiver should have an attachment with the infant bfore they are 4 months old because until this age they are sensative to attachments. It is very difficult for the infant to form attachments after that age
    • Monotropy
      • Monotropy suggests that the infant has one imprtant attachment figure that is above all others. it is mainly the mother and she aids the infants emotional development. The father aids social development
    • Internal working model
      • According to Bowlby infants create an image of the world around them to see whihc attachments are secure and which are not.
    • Continuity hypothesis
      • this suggests securely attached infants go on to be confident and social adults


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