Bowlby's Theory

A mind map showing all the key features in the John Bowlby's Theory.

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  • Created by: Aishwarya
  • Created on: 17-05-13 17:49
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  • Bowlby's Theory
    • Evolutionary Theory
      • Monotropy: The attachment a child makes with one person (usually with the mother; primary caregiver).
    • Attachment -  An emotional bond between 2 people
      • Attachment is adaptive and innate
        • Children have an innate drive to become attached to a primary caregiver
        • Adaptive (behaviours): Behaviours that increase the likelihood of survival and in the end, reproduction.
        • Imprinting also takes place.
          • Imprinting: The innate readiness to form a strong emotional bond with a mother figure
        • Innate: Inborn characteristics; a product of genetic factors
    • Sensitive Period
      • The time during which a child is sensitive to a specific form of stimulation, resulting in a development of a specific response.
      • The second half of the first year is the most important time for a child to form attachments
    • Caregiving
      • Caregiving, like attachment is also innate (inbuilt) because it is adaptive (increases the chances of survival).
      • Social releasers: Behaviour that induces the response of caregiving
        • E.g.- When a baby cries, laughs or smiles.
    • A secure base
      • Attachment acts as a secure base in which a child can explore and can safely return to, even when threatened
      • It gives the child independence
    • Internal Working Memory Model
      • This acts as a template for an individual to predict and control their environment
        • 1. SHORT TERM: The child begins to slowly understand the caregivers behaviour and influences the caregiver's behaviour, so that an attachment can form
        • LONG TERM: It acts as a template for future relationships and creates expectations about how people behave
    • Continuity Hypothesis
      • The notion that the early secure  attachment a child experiences will carry on in later life

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