Bowlby's maternal deprivation theory

  • Created by: Camay
  • Created on: 19-06-18 21:32
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  • Bowlby's maternal deprivation theory
    • Seperation vs. Deprivation
      • Seperation simply means the child is not in the presence of the caregiver
      • Deprivation is a prolonged separation with no adequate substitute care
    • The critical period
      • The first 30 months of life
      • If a child in separated from their mother and has no substitute care during the critical period, psychological damage is inevitable
    • Effects on development
      • Effects on intellectual development
        • Retardation (low IQ)
          • Goldfarb found that children who remained in institutions had a lower IQ than those fostered
      • Effects on emotional development
        • Psychopathy - lack of empathy and guilt
        • Prevents development of normal relationships
        • Links with criminality
    • 44 thieves study
      • 44 teens accused of stealing were interviewed for signs of psychopathy
        • Their families were also interviewed to establish whether teens were deiprived from mothers
          • Control group= non criminals who were emotionally disturbed
        • Control group= non criminals who were emotionally disturbed
        • Findings were that 14 of the 44 were psychopaths in which most of them were deprived from mothers
          • 5 of the teens that weren't described as psychopaths had experienced deprivation
          • Of the control group, 2 out of 44 had experienced long separations
            • Bowlby concluded that early deprivation causes psychopathy
    • Evaluation
      • There is research against it
        • Lewis replicated 44 thieves study and found that 500 people who were deprived from mothers did not become criminals
          • May be other factors affecting the outcome of people
        • Research to show that deprivation beyond the critical period does not mean inevitable suffering
          • Case study of twin boys who were trapped in a cupboard from 18 months to 7 years old
            • They were looked after by two loving sisters and they made a full recovery
              • Not the critical period but the sensitive period
      • Support from animal studies


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