Bourbon restoration basics

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: abcpdf
  • Created on: 22-05-13 20:02
View mindmap
  • Bourbon Restoration
    • Terms decided by allies
      • Allies occupied 6 1 departments at French expense, demanded a hefty indemnity before they would leave
      • Determined on a royalist France
      • Louis never had a free hand to design his own restoration. Allied powers armies surrounded him decided upon a liberal constitution, not as a matter of principle but to ensure future stability thus the stability of Europe
    • What did the French people want?
      • Little popular support for restored monarchy, but a settled system of government was vital
    • New consitution
      • Proclaimed the individuals liberal freedoms of religion and opinon whilst restoring Catholicsm as State Church.
      • Revolutionary land settlement, purchases of Church and emigre land during 1790s was guaranteed
    • Government reforms to army
      • 1814-15 - army reduced from 500,000 to 223,000 men which was a necessary step for the peace of Europe and national finances
      • Army reforms meant 300,000 ex-soldiers were now unemployed and also were fervent supporters of Napoleon. IF Napoleon ever returned they could be relied on to rally his cause
      • Military posts handed out to returning emigres who'd fougut against the French since 1789
      • Revival of king's household troops and the raising of 5 Swiss  regiments created a privileged army within an army of over 6000 men who were militarily useless
      • Imperial Guard, Napoleon's veteran elite of over 100,000 were kept intact and just renamed so they remained a threat
    • Reasons for increasing popularity in 1814
      • Late july, a budget was produced that entailed maintaing and even increasing the heavy tax burden inherited from Napoleon. Particularly, the tax on wine, tobacco and salt that fell disproportionately on the poor.
      • Aspects of the Charter such as recognition of Cahtolicsm as stet relgiion marked the beginning of a drive to recover some of its pre-revoltuionary status.Mission sent to Rome with aim of annulling the 1801 concordat. Catholic schools given more freedom.
      • In September, the government's proposed returning all unsold beins nationaux to the original owners. Bill passed but only after fierce opposition. Feared that next step might be rest of land given back


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all France 1589-1850 resources »