Boulez

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Mairi
  • Created on: 01-12-12 17:54
View mindmap
  • Boulez: Of all the influential, innovative composers of the 20th century, the French composer Pierre Boulez is arguably the most ground breaking... Boulez has revolutionized the modern musical landscape by changing our conceptions of what can be classified as music.
    • Serialism
      • Developed Schoenburg's 12 note technique, so that...
        • ...not only the 12 tones, but  also the PITCHES,  DURATIONS & DYNAMICS are sytematically structured.
          • = TOTAL SERIALISM
            • Structures no. 1 for 2 pianos (1952)
              • Based on 12 pitches, 12 durations & 12 types of attack (special use of dynamics).
              • Uses ...
                • Original row
                • The retrograde
                • Inversion
                • Transposition of pitch UP a semitone
              • Texture
                • Pointilistic
                • Chaotic
              • Overall Affect
                • Largely random
      • Compositional method that uses a series of values to manipulate a tone row.
      • Local  Discipline
        • The freedom to choose small, individual elements while still adhering to an overall structure
          • Le Marteau sans Maitre
            • 80-90% of music adheres Strictly to Serialist Structure
            • One of the supreme achievements of 20th century music- guardian.co.uk
            • 9 movements
              • 4-= set 3 poems of René Char
              • 5= instrumental extrapolations of the other 4
            • Instrumentation
              • No bass instruments
              • Non-Western Influences
                • Novel for modern music of the time
                  • No bass instruments
                • Untuned percussion = Latin
                  • Playing nor style = NO connections with these civilisations
                    • NOT nationalistic in style
                • Metallic sound of vibraphone = Indonesia
                  • Playing nor style = NO connections with these civilisations
                    • NOT nationalistic in style
              • Mezzo-soprano voice & 6 instrumentalists
                • Vocal writing = challenging
                  • wide leaps in register
                  • Glissandi
                  • Humming ('bouche fermé)
    • Aleatoric Music
      • Certain  elements are left up to the performer
        • Order of the notes
        • Duration
        • The notes themselves
      • Boulez  used 'CONTROLLED CHANCE'
        • Instead of complete complete chance, the performer only get to choose between possibilities that have been written out in detail by the composer
        • Third Piano Sonata
          • Structure
            • 5 movements
    • Electronic Music
      • Musique Concrete
        • Based on natural sounds subjected to...
          • Repitition
            • ...by electronic  equipment
          • Combination
            • ...by electronic  equipment
          • Tranformation
        • Repons (1984)
          • Praised for  use of wide range of compositional  resources
            • Electronic manipulation
              • As soloists enter, the music they play=altered by a digital processor that changes their timbres and aims the results through the loudspeakers
            • Spatial acoustics
              • Speakers are placed AMONGST THE AUDIENCE, who sit BETWEEN the soloists and the orchestra
            • Quasi-minimalist use of repitition
          • Instrumentation
            • Orchestra
            • Digital processor
            • 6 loudspeakers
            • 6 solo instruments
            • 2 pianos
          • Structure
            • Intro
              • Sections 1-8
                • Coda
          • Built from a number of responses.
            • Responsorial mirroring between players and electronic speakers.
      • General Info
        • Studied Maths and Music
          • Serialism
        • Studied under Olivier  Messaein @ Paris Conservatoire
          • Serialism
          • "Messaein showed how the genius composer breaks his own rules"

    Comments

    No comments have yet been made

    Similar Music resources:

    See all Music resources »See all resources »