Booklet 1

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  • Booklet 1: Youth Culture
    • Youth is a label that's attached to someone of a particular age of 12-25 and is often a period of rebellion where the parents are letting go, young people are influenced by the media, peers and education mainly.
    • Youth culture is relative. East Asians are often forced into adulthood quickly. Abrams described youth as a transitional phase which is marked by rituals such as a bahmistva.
      • The Hamar tribe- bull jumping
    • Conventional youth culture is a functionalist view on youth culture where everyone has one common youth culture (norms values signs and symbols).
      • Abercrombie suggests youth culture has three distinguising features:         Leisure           Style               Peer group.
    • SYSC
      • Teddy Boys- 1950s, edwardian style suits, duck **** quiff, greased hair, product of americanisation, listened to rock'n'roll music and were considered as rebels
      • Hippies 1960s, middle class, anti-government, used recreational drugs, made their own clothing, 'make peace not war'
      • Mods and Rockers 1970s, were in conflict. Mods- adopted a middle class style, cared for appearance, rode lambetters. Rockers- grease monkeys, influenced by rock'n'roll, hegemonic, rode motorbikes, Battle of Brighton beach
      • Punks-1980s, anarchists, rebel , resist and boycott, had extreme mohawks and style, bricolage, nihilistic, had body modifications, listened to sex pistols.
      • Skinheads-1970s, left and right wing, working class, dr martens, ben sherman shirts, shaved heads. Left skins were more liberal and friends with Jamaican Rude Boys bur right skins were racist, sexist and homophobic.
    • What birthed youth culture?
      • Increased economic power of young people, Abrams argued wages increased by 50% between 1938-1958 meaning more expendable income.
      • Globalisation and American culture
      • The media
      • Emergence of new forms of music
      • The length of time between childhood and adulthood becoming bigger


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