The underworld

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  • Book 6- The underworld
    • They arrive off the coast of Cumae
      • Aeneas follows Anchises instructions and goes to the temple of Apollo
        • Sibyl instructs him to sacrifice seven bullocks and seven sheep
          • though Sibyl he prays that they Trojans will be able to settle in Latium
          • Sibyl warns him that he will face trails in Italy
            • 'I see wars, deadly wars'
          • she instructs him to get into the underworld
            • he must find the golden bough which is hidden in a dark tree
              • if the bough falls off the tree easily then it means hes fated to go into the underwolrd
              • venus helps him by sending down two doves to guide him to the bough
          • Sibyl sacrifices four more bullocks so that they can travel through avernus
      • they perform the funeral rites of Misenus
        • he was killed after he tried to rival a god at playing the trumpet
    • Charon delivers the sprits of the dead across Avernus
      • he can only allow those who have proper burial rites
        • if not they have to wait on the river bank for 100 years
      • sees palinurus who didn't receive roper burial rites
        • he lies and says that the tiller broke off
          • respectful to the god of sleep
      • allows aeneas to cross because the golden bough represents the gods will
      • when they get to the other side they have to face cerberus
        • barking monster with three heads
        • Sibyl throws him a honey cake that contains sedative drugs
    • They pass different groups of dead
      • Infants who have been torn away from their mothers by death
      • people who have killed themselves because they hated their lives on earth
      • men whod been sentenced to death by a false charge
      • those whod dies from love sick
        • Aeneas is devastated to see that Dido's love destroyed her
        • Aeneas' eyes well up with tears
        • Dido runs back to Sycheaus
      • soldiers
        • sees Deiphobus who had his face mutilated and is in the same condition now
          • brutality of war
    • Tartarus
      • guarded by tisiphone who doesn't sleep and is the leading fury who punishes sinners
      • region of eternal punishment
      • Rhadamanthus
        • their to force criminals to confess to their crimes
      • Tityos
        • tried to rape latona
        • liver was laid out over nine acres while vultures picked at entrails that kept on growing
      • King Salmoneus
        • imprisoned after he pretended to be zeus
        • Zeus hit him with a thunderbolt
      • Titans
        • race that declared war with the gods
        • sent to the underworld
      • citizens include
        • men who hated their brothers
        • beat their fathers
        • caught and killed in adultery
        • supporting Athenian values
    • The Elysian fields
      • The land of joy
        • life is simple
          • they spend their time wrestling, eating, dancing and excersing
      • first Aeneas must clean his body with fresh water and then fix the bough in the furnace of the doorway
      • he meets noble people
        • people who have died for their native land
          • Anchises says that rome will always be know for skills in battle, governing people and civilisation
        • chaste priests
        • people who have discovere new skills
      • Anchises
        • tried to embrace him three times
        • reincarnation
          • eg Siluis who will be his son born after his death
            • the importance of his fate
          • drink from the river lethe
            • souls will forget the past and e able to return to earth in a new body
              • at the moment their soul is not clean enough due to fighting, anger and jealousy
        • tells him the Trojan and Italian race will mix
          • Laurentine race will be founded
        • tell him of his descendants
          • Romulus will begin the roman race
            • which will include Augustus Caesar
              • he will bring order to rome
              • compared to Herculus and Bacchus to shows his nobility
          • talk is great pathos about Marcellos who died at 19
            • great respect
            • honourable decendants
            • emphasises the focus on the future
      • exists through ivory gates

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