Bolshevik Consolidation of Power 1918-24: Economic and Social Developments

  • Created by: 17rv2824
  • Created on: 19-04-19 20:30
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  • Economic and Social Developments 1918-24
    • Red Terror
      • Tambov Revolt 1920-21
        • 70,000 Peasants rose up against grain requisitioning - 100,000 Red Army troops sent to rush revolt
        • Outbreaks of peasant revolts - 155 across Russia in Feb 1921
      • Kronstadt Uprising 1921
        • 30,000 sailors rebelled and demanded the end of the one party state
        • Ringleaders were shot, 15,000 imprisoned and named as White Traitors
        • Sailors were supportive of the October Revolution
      • Political Enemies
        • 1918-20 1/2 Million executed
        • Tactic to spread fear among the people by arresting anyone of all parts of society e.g children, women
        • Setting up of labour and concentration camps - not as orderly as Stalin
        • Lenin wounded in an assassination attempt August 1918 - spark of Red  Terror
        • Socialist Revolutionaries (SR), Mensheviks, Anarchists rounded up, imprisoned and executed
    • State Capitalism
      • Conditions
        • 1918 Bread Ration In Petrograd - workers on 50 grams per day due to blockade of trade
        • 5 million died due to starvation and disease
        • Typhoid Epidemic 1920 - 3 Million died, few doctors due to civil war
      • Problems
        • Failed organisation of factories - Output Shrank
        • Civil War effected resources and output
        • Workers stole stock and gave themselves high wages
      • Compromise - between capitalism and socialism
        • Divisions in Party - Many opposed and demanded more radical measures
      • Greater state control of the economy
        • Nationalisation of Banks, trade and railway
        • Vesenkha - National council of economy
        • GOLERO - state commission to organise production and distribution of electricity
    • War Communism
      • Effects
      • Requistioning
      • Labour discipline and rationing
      • Nationalisation
    • NEP
      • Political Impact
        • Ban on Factions 1921
        • Cheka became GPU 1922 - more powerful and vigilant
        • Attack on religion 1921
        • 1923 Nomenklatura 5000 party and government posts drawn up
      • Economic Impact
        • 'Scissor Crisis'
          • Food Prices fell below industrial goods
          • 1926 Production levels reached 1913 levels again
        • Nepmen - 25,000 traders in 1925, Making up 75% of trade

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