Northern Ireland-Bloody Sunday

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  • Bloody Sunday
    • Burning of  Bombay Street
      • August 1969
        • Burned  to the ground by a loyalist mob
          • A typical west Belfast working class street
          • situated in the shadow of the well known Clonard Monastery
            • It also neighboured Cupar Street, an unmarked dividing line between the Nationalist Clonard Area 
              • And the Loyalist Shankill Area
      • 14th August 1969
        • Republicans exchanged shots with the RUC and Loyalist gunmen 
          • When the RUC pressed into the Nationalist district it was followed by a Loyalist mob
    • Government Response
      • Lord Widgery’s inquiry failed to provide a satisfactory conclusion to the events
      • Best use of limited resources
      • Protestant pressure to maintain hard line
      • The move has been welcomed by Unionist MPs
      • But has been fiercely condemned by Republicans
      • Support for the government from unionist community which saw the march as both illegal and provocative
    • Search for Arms
      • 1970 and onwards
        • Most weapons were acquired from America
        • By 1972, the IRA had large quantities of modern small arms
    • Internment
      • 1st August 1971
        • It was only used against Nationalists and violence was used in interrogations.
        • Internment increased support for the IRA.
          • At the end of August the IRA announced that Internment had not affected them
          • During that time nearly 200 known or suspected members of the IRA were detained without trial in special internment camps for an average of two years
      • A new law giving the authorities the power to indefinitely detain suspected terrorists without trial
    • Attitude of the army at the beginning of 1972
      • The British army rounded up over 400 of suspects
        • But the RUC’s intelligence was out of date
        • some cases men were brought in because they were living in the houses of dead Republicans


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