Blood Mindmap

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  • Created by: Livy
  • Created on: 03-04-13 20:46
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  • Blood
    • Red Blood Cells
      • ADAPTION - Bi-con disk shape to increase the surface area, so there is maximum oxygen.
        • Flexibility so that the cell can get through small blood vessels
        • They have something inside called hemoglobin. This carries the oxygen, and it places of high concentration, it binds with the oxygen and in lower concentration, it releases it.
        • They also have no nucleus to maximize hemoglobin room.
    • White Blood Cells
      • Fight Infections and diseases
        • 2 Types of  white blood cell - Phagocytes and Lymphocytes
          • PHAGOCYTE - Kill the pathogens by engulfing and digesting them.
          • LYMPHOCYTE - release antibodies that match the pathogen, for phagocytes to engulf them.
            • ANTIBODIES - cause the pathogen to lyse/split or attract phagocytes.
      • Remove poiso  waste and damaged cells.
      • ADAPTION - Flexible cell membrane, so they can squeeze through small gaps in capillaries to travel where needed.
        • The cell membrane is sensitive so it can detect foreign antibodies and destroy them
        • They have a large nucleus which has many copies of genes for control of antibody production
    • Platelets
      • A cut (damage to the blood vessel) is a way for infection to get in. Platelets produce blood clots (scabs) using FIBRIN, CALCIUM, and VITAMIN D. The blood clot stops pathogens entering the body


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