Lake District Case Study

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  • Created by: leiaa
  • Created on: 30-10-14 11:26
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  • Lake District Case Study
    • Description of the Lake District
      • There are 42,400 permanent residents
      • The Lake District National Park is England’s largest park
      • They stay in a mixture of self-catering and serviced accommodation.
      • At least 15.8 million visitors come to the Lake District each year spending a total of £925 million.
      • Activities for visitors on offer, including walking, climbing, cycling, boat cruises and  museums
      • Lake district is finding ways of encouraging sustainable tourism without damaging the  landscape.
      • Lake Windemere attracts over 1 million visitors  a year!  This makes sustainability difficult to achieve with such large visitor numbers.
      • Lake District is in the northwest corner of England, in the county of Cumbria.
    • Problems & Sollutions
      • Housing
        • Rise in the number of people from outside of the Lake District buying up property for a second home.
        • 15% of homes in the Lake district are second homes of holiday lets
        • This has a bad effect on the community and means that local services such as schools and shops can be under pressure for closure.
        • Pushed up house prices in the Lake District and made it very difficult for local people (especially those on low wages) to own their own property in the Lake District.
        • Housing is private, so there is very little local councils can do apart from build more properties to rent to locals.
        • Ask before buying what they plan on using the house for and split a certain area in the Lake district for 2 homes.
      • Traffic
        • 89% of visitors come to the Lake District by car, often just for the day.
        • Congestion, traffic jams and parking are major issues, and people can park on grass verges in desperation, narrowing the road and making congestion even worse.
        • These problems can be overcome in 2 ways  – improving the road network and improving public transport.
        • Roads are often narrow and winding, and towns were constructed before the invention of the motor car this can pose massive problems.
        • Public transport, sustainability and getting people out of their cars.
        • The B4 network for example includes a Cross Lakes Shuttle which links the lakes of Windermere and Coniston   The Shuttle has an timetable and through-ticketing  there are cycle racks on the boats and minibuses.
      • Environmental
        • Common problems are with litter, footpath erosion, lakeside erosion and air pollution.
        • The increased number of cars damages the air from car exhausts, and also people park on grass verges, damaging the ground parked upon.
        • Footpath erosion occurs because of the sheer numbers of people using popular routes.  According to the Park Authority, 4 million people walk an average of 6km each year.
        • The pressure of these people’s feet damages plants and soil, making soil erosion possible.
        • These issues are worst in Honey pot or popular areas, which also suffer from the stresses of overcrowding, parking problems and second homes.
        • Stone Pitching which involves digging stone into the ground to form good solid footfalls. This  technique is used in the central fells using stone which is naturally occurring.


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