Biosocial Approaches to Gender

  • Created by: rhallett
  • Created on: 26-09-15 10:45
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  • Biosocial Approaches to Gender
    • John Money
      • Bio factors eg sex chromosomes lead a child to develop male/female sexual characteristics and may influence temperament
      • The child's sexual characteristics determine what social label the child is given and how it will be socialised which shapes its gender
      • Child is gender neutral at birth; can be socialised to be either male/ female as long as this occurs in the first 2 years of life
      • Evaluation
        • Money & Hampson; intersex children; could be reared successfully as different genders than their biological sex suggested
          • + B/c suggests gender is largely shaped by socialisation
        • + Lytton & Romney b/c shows that children's gender is shaped by socialisation
    • Alice Eagly; Social Role Theory
      • Evolution has given males and females certain physical traits; in consequence society gives them different roles which shapes their psychology
      • E.g. Females are physically suited to childcare and are given this role by society; in consequence psychological differences emerge; such as women are more caring
      • Important to remember: these differences are shaped by society not biology and can be seen as "socially constructed"
      • Evaluation
        • +Lytton & Romney b/c found that gender differences are shaped by socialisation
        • - Bruce Reimer, Quandango, Swaab; all contradict b/c suggest bio factors determine gender, not the social ones males and females are given
    • Discuss biosocial explanations of gender including gender dysphoria


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