AQA double award additional science biology cell keywords

Cell information including general, plants and specialized cells.

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  • Biology Cells
    • General Cells
      • Nucleus
        • genetic material / controlling cell
      • Cytoplasm
        • where the majority of chemical processes are controlled by enzymes
      • Cell Membrane
        • Controls the substances that move in and out of the cel
      • Mitochondria
        • the majority of energy is released here through respiration
      • Ribosomes
        • Where protein synthesis is prdouced
    • Plant Cells
      • cell wall
        • it strengthens the cell
      • Chloroplasts
        • chlorophyll which absorbs light energy used in photosynthesis
      • permanent vacoule
        • filled with sap to keep the cell turgid
    • Specialsized Cells
      • A specialised cell is where the structure of the cell is adapted to the function it must carry out
      • leaf
        • This cell is packed full of chloroplasts so it can absorb plenty of light energy for photosynthesis. The cell has a regular shape and is closely packed together with other leaf cells to absorb light energy efficiently.
      • sperm
        • A sperm cell's function is to fertilize an egg cell (female gamete).
      • red blood cell
        • This cell is adapted to contain haemoglobin to carry oxygen to the cells
      • roots
        • The function of a root hair cell is to absorb water and mineral ions from the soil
  • This cell is packed full of chloroplasts so it can absorb plenty of light energy for photosynthesis. The cell has a regular shape and is closely packed together with other leaf cells to absorb light energy efficiently.

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