Unit Two

Unit Two Biology Exam-AQA

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  • Created by: Flora
  • Created on: 17-12-12 18:57
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  • Biology
    • Cells and Simple Cell Transport
      • Animal Cells
        • Nucleus
        • Cytoplasm
        • Cell membrane
        • Mitochondria
        • Ribosomes
      • Plant Cells
        • Chloroplast
        • Vacuole
      • Bacterial and yeast cells
        • Bacterial: cytoplasm, membrane, cell wall, NO distinct nucleus
        • Yeast: nucleus, cytoplasm, membrane, cell wall
      • Diffusion
        • How it is affected by concentration
        • Spreading of the particles of a gas, or of any substance in solution, resulting in a net movement from a region where they are of a higher concentration to a region with a lower concentration
        • How it is used in cells, i.e. oxygen
    • Tissues, Organs and Organ Systems
      • Animal Organs
        • Cells differentiate
        • Understanding of size and scale
        • Tissue
          • Muscular tissue
          • Glandular tissue
          • Epithelial tissue
          • Made up of Tissues
        • Made up of Tissues
        • Organ Systems
          • Digestive System
            • Glands
            • Stomach
            • Small intestine
            • Liver
            • Large intestine
        • Should be able to recognise on a diagram
      • Plant Organs
        • Stems
        • Roots
        • Leaves
          • Details of internal structure
        • Tissues
          • Epidermal tissues
          • Mesophyll
          • Xylem and phloem
    • Photosynthesis
      • Carbon dioxide + Water => Glucose + Oxygen
        • Be able to describe process
        • Three affecting factors
        • Glucose
          • Starch
          • Fat or oil
          • Cellulose
          • Proteins
            • Need nitrate ions too
    • Distribution of organisms
      • Affecting factors
        • Temperature
        • Nutrients
        • Light
        • Water
        • Oxygen
        • Carbon dioxide
      • Random sampling with quadrats
      • Sampling along a transect
    • The Functions and Uses of Proteins
      • Proteins
        • Amino acids
          • Folded to produce a specific shape
        • They act as...
          • Structual components of tissues, e.g.  muscles
          • Hormones
          • Antibodies
          • Catalysts
            • Enzymes
              • Shape is VITAL
              • pH has an affect
                • Hydrochloric acid in stomach
                • Bile
              • DETAIL about digestive enzymes
              • Amylase
              • Protease
              • Lipase
              • Microorganisms
              • At home and in industry examples
                • Pressures and temperatures
      • Enzymes
        • Shape is VITAL
        • pH has an affect
          • Hydrochloric acid in stomach
          • Bile
        • DETAIL about digestive enzymes
        • Amylase
        • Protease
        • Lipase
        • Microorganisms
        • At home and in industry examples
          • Pressures and temperatures
    • Respiration
      • Aerobic
        • Chemical reactions controlled by enzymes
        • Glucose + Oxygen => Carbon Dioxide + Water  + Energy
          • Energy is used...
            • To build larger molecules
            • To contract muscles
            • To maintain a steady body temperature
            • In plants-be specific
          • Heart rate increases
          • Increased rate and depth of breathing
            • Increase blood flow and this means...EXPAND
              • Heart rate increases
          • Glycogen
        • Plants and animals
          • Mitochondria
      • Anaerobic
        • Insufficient oxygen
        • Incomplete breakdown of glucose
          • Lactic acid
            • Needs to be oxidised with carbon dioxide and water
          • Oxygen debt
        • Muscle fatigue
    • Cell Division and Inheritance
      • Cell Division
        • Chromosomes
          • Contain genetic information
        • Mitosis
          • DETAIL
        • Meiosis
          • Genetic aspect of this
            • Genetic diagram
        • Stem cells
      • Genetic Variation
        • Alleles from each parent
        • Chromosomes
        • Genes and characteristics
          • A gene is a section of DNA
        • Dominant and recessive
        • DNA
          • Structure
          • Deoxyribo Nucleic Acid
          • Unique, fingerprinting
      • Genetic Disorders
        • Polydactyl
          • Extra fingers or toes
          • Dominant
        • Cystic Fibrosis
          • Recessive
        • Embryos can be screened
      • Defintions
        • Isolation
        • Genetic Variation
        • Natural Selection
        • Speciation
    • Speciation
      • Evidence for early life forms comes from fossils
        • Ways they are formed
          • Explain
      • Reasons for extinction

Comments

Anisa -Team GR

This is excellent but you should have separted each topic into one mindmap beacuse this looks like alot of WORK

Anisa -Team GR

This is excellent but you should have separted each topic into one mindmap beacuse this looks like alot of WORK

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