Biology - food groups and cells

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  • Created by: Lohita
  • Created on: 07-04-14 15:27
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  • Biology - Food groups and Cells
    • Cells
      • Plant (and algal) cells
        • Nucleus
          • Cytoplasm
            • Cell membrane
        • Ribosomes
          • Mitochondria
            • Cell wall
        • Chloroplasts
          • Vacuole
      • Bacterial Cell
        • Cytoplasm
          • Cell membrane
            • Ribosomes (smaller)
        • Mitochondria
          • Cell wall
            • Plasmids
      • Yeast (fungi) cells
        • Cell membrane
          • Cytoplasm
            • Nucleus
        • Vacuole
          • Cell wall (chitin)
            • Mitochondria
              • Ribosomes
    • Enzymes
      • Proteins
        • Proteins are made up of long chains of amino acids. 1 protein molecule is a chain of amino acids all different in shape.
        • make antibodies
        • make hormones
        • make haemoglobin
        • make bones, skin and hair strong
        • growth and repair of tissues
      • Carbohydrates
        • Carbon
          • Complex sugars   -starch -glycogen  -cellulose
            • Starch is made up of many glucose molecules (bread experiment).
        • Hydrogen and oxygen
          • Simple sugars (sweet)   -glucose  -fructose   -lactose   -sucrose
      • Fats (Lipids)
        • Fats are made up of a gylcerol molecule and 3 fatty acids. glycerol + 3 fatty acids
        • energy in respiration
        • protection of organs
        • insulation of body and nerves
        • buoyancy
  • Animal cells
    • Cells
      • Plant (and algal) cells
        • Nucleus
          • Cytoplasm
            • Cell membrane
        • Ribosomes
          • Mitochondria
            • Cell wall
        • Chloroplasts
          • Vacuole
      • Bacterial Cell
        • Cytoplasm
          • Cell membrane
            • Ribosomes (smaller)
        • Mitochondria
          • Cell wall
            • Plasmids
      • Yeast (fungi) cells
        • Cell membrane
          • Cytoplasm
            • Nucleus
        • Vacuole
          • Cell wall (chitin)
            • Mitochondria
              • Ribosomes
    • Nucleus
      • Cytoplasm
        • Cell membrane
    • Ribosomes
      • Mitochondria

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