Biological Approach

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  • Created by: Beverley
  • Created on: 17-04-13 16:51
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  • Biologocal Approach
    • Basic Assumption
      • nature side
      • biology and genetics influence behaviour
    • Research Methods
      • Scientific laboratory
    • Application
      • basic biological processes
      • psychological disorders (drugs)
    • Influence of genes
      • Genetics
      • Heredity
      • Genotype
        • Genetic makeup
      • Phenotype
        • effects of genes interacting with environment
    • Biological Structure
      • central nervous system (CNS)
        • spinal cord and the brain
      • Neuron/ nerve cell
        • Basic System: Brain and nervous system
      • Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
        • autonomic nervous system
          • Sympathetic nervous system
          • Parasympathetic nervous system
        • Somatic nervous system (SNS)
      • Endocrine system
        • secretes hormones
    • Evaluation
      • Strengths
        • highly scientific, (high ecological validity)
        • approach has helped developed drugs and treatments
          • mental disorders, breaks downs of mental functions
            • eg. Parkinsons
        • shown how evolution and genetics influence behavior
      • Limitations
        • reductionist
          • reducing a person down to one cell or one symptom
        • ignores influence of environment eg. aggression
        • extreme nature side of nature-nurture debate
        • Has difficulty explaining the conscious and unconscious
        • doesn't recognize social factors (simplistic)

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