Biological Therapies for Treating SZ

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: ces
  • Created on: 11-01-16 21:26
View mindmap
  • Biological Therapies for Treating SZ
    • ECT
      • ECT is a historical treatment of SZ,which was largely abandoned after the discovery of Anti Psychotic Drugs
      • ECT is only used as a last resort (mainly for Catatonic SZ) if a SZic is at risk to themselves or to others
      • Patients are given a small electric shock which induces a seizure
      • It is believed that the seizure 'restarts' the brain in some way, however this can have negative side effects such as headaches and memory loss
    • Drugs
      • Main Biological Therapy for SZ
      • Three types;    Typical, Less-Typical and Atypical Anti-Psychotic drugs
      • Typical & Less-Typical Drugs
        • Older generations of Anti-Psychotic Drugs, such as Chloro-promazine
        • Dopamine antagonists~ meaning that they block the D2 receptors resulting in less of the neuro-transmitter dopamine being transmitted across the synapse and therefore reducing the dopaminergic activity
        • Can be used to help reduce anxiety and help control hallucinations and delusions
        • However, can also have negative side effects, such as tardive dyskinesia, which in some cases can be harder to live with than the symptoms of SZ
      • Atypical Anti- Psychotic Drugs
        • Newer generations of Anti Psychotic Drugs, such as risperidone
        • Fewer side effects and more effective when compared to to Typical and Less-Typical Anti Psychotic Drugs
        • Dopamine Antagonists, as well, however they also reduce the transmission of Serotonin,  which help to control the negative symptoms where Typical and Less-Typical drugs only control the positive symptoms
    • These therapies do not cure SZ but instead try to manage the symptoms of SZ so that SZic's can live 'normal' functioning lives in their own homes


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Schizophrenia resources »