Demography : Migration

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  • Migration
    • Immigration
      • From the second world war, the largest immigrant group were the Irish followed by Eastern and Central European Jews.
      • During the 1950s, black immigrants from the Caribbean arrived followed by South Asian immigrants and East African Asians.
      • A consequence of immigration is a more ethically diverse society.
        • A series of immigration and nationality acts from 1962 to 1990 placed restrictions on non-white immigration.
          • By 1980, non-whites accounted for little more than a quarter of all immigrants
    • Emigration
      • More people leave the UK than enter. Since 1990, emigrants have gone to the USA, Australia, South Africa etc.
      • The main reasons for emigration are economic. For example: push factors such as economic recession and unemployment at home. Pull factors such as higher wages or better opportunites
    • The Impact on The Population Structure
      • Net migration is high, with more immigrants than emigrants.
      • There is also a natural increase. However, births to UK mothers is lower than non-UK (making up 25% of births)
      • Immigrants are generally younger so theyre more fertile and have more babies.
      • Immigrants tend to be of working age and so the dependency ratio gets lowered.
        • However, because they're younger they have more children thus increasing the ratio.

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