Biological approach - Gender

  • Created by: Georgia
  • Created on: 04-03-19 00:00
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  • Biological approach to gender
    • ** = Oestrogen = Emotional   XY = Testosterone = Aggression
    • Turner's syndrome (XO)
      • Physical characteristics No ovaries; no breasts; no periods; infertile; small stature
      • Psychological characteristics Lower than average spatial /maths skills Higher than average verbal ability Difficulties relating to peers
    • Klinefelter's syndrome (**Y)
      • Physical characteristics Small testes; less abdomen fat; develop breasts; taller than average; small penis; little body hair
      • Psychological characteristics Lack of interest in sex; passive; poor language and reading skills; poor handling of stress; gender identity confusion
    • Treatments Testosterone therapy (KS) Growth hormone therapy (TS); improve lives of sufferers
    • Role of oestrogen (development and maintenance of female characteristics
      • Regulates reproductive system; PMT and emotions; low levels = early onset of menopause
      • Feminisation Promotes inter-neural connections, equal behaviours with both hemispheres (e.g. sensitivity and co-operation)
    • Role of testosterone (development of male sex characteristics
      • Masculinsation  Develops spatial skills in the brain; male-associated behaviours (e.g. aggression and competitivenes
    • Role of oxytocin (hormone and neuro-transmitter that controls reproductive system)
      • Thus, more common in females (childbirth and breastfeeding)
        • Associated behaviour Mate selection; nesting behaviour; nurturing; protection of offspring
      • Released during sex; up to 5x normal level; levels drop immediately in men after ****** (explain sudden loss of intimacy)

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