Bicameralism 10 marker

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  • Bicameralism
    • Congress has two chambers
      • Senate
      • House of Reps
    • Powers of the House
      • Initiates money bills
        • FFs believed that the peoples direct reps should decide how to spend the peoples money
      • Power of impeachment
        • Any member of the executive or judicial branch
        • It has used this power 19 times since 1789
        • The most recent was Federal Judge Thomas Porteous in 2010
        • Bill Clinton 1998.
      • Elect the president if the electoral college is deadlocked
        • Only been used twice in 1800 and 1824
    • Powers of the Senate
      • Confirm presidential appointments
        • Done by a simple majority vote
        • In 2013, Obama replaced the resigning Secretary of state Hilary Clinton, with John Kerry by 94-3.
        • Senatorial courtesy allows a president to confer with a senator from his party before making a appointment that may affect their state.
      • Ratify treaties
        • Senate is fully informed throughout the process.
        • In 2010 the senate voted 71 to 26 to ratify the new Strategic Arms Reduction Treat between Obama and his Russia counterpart Dmitry Medvedev
      • Elect the VP if electoral college is deadloacked
      • Try the case of impeachment.
        • Acquitted Clinton in 1999.
    • Concurrent powers
      • Both have to agree the same version of a bill.
      • Both houses have to vote a 2/3rd majority to override a veto.
        • The same 23rd by each house has to be reached for constitutional amendments
        • In 2007, Congress overrode Bush's veto on the Water Resources Development Bill by 381-40 and 81-12.
      • Both must concur in a declaration of war
      • The 25th amendment gave both houses the power to confirm the newly appointed vice president
        • Ford 1973 and Rockefeller 1974
    • Importance and prestige
      • The senate is seen to be more powerful.
        • In 2013 there were 52 former house members in the senate but no ex-senators in the house.
      • Senators represent the entire state and serve longer terms
      • Senators are only 1 in 100
      • The senate is seen as a recruiting pool for presidents and VPs
      • The both have equal power in passages of legislation and members both houses are paid the same salary


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