Bernstein - On The Waterfront

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  • Bernstein - On The Waterfront
    • Forces
      • Used a large expanded Orchestra
      • Used Additional Woodwind
        • Eb Clarinet
        • Bass Clarinet
        • Saxophone
        • Contrabassoon
      • Large brass section - 3 trumpets
      • 20th Century playing techniques
        • Rim shot
        • Cymbal roll
        • Sul pont
        • Sub tone
        • Una Corda
        • Con sord
      • Greatly expanded percussion section
        • Piano
        • Two Timpani
        • Many types of drum
      • Low sonorities
    • Structure
      • Through-composed
      • Sectional
      • Rhapsodic
      • Sections strongly contrast to reflect different stages of drama
    • Texture
      • Monophonic opening
      • Two part canonic counterpoint bars 7-12
      • Fugal texture bars 20-39
      • Homorhythmic block chords bars 78-79
    • Tonality
      • Bars 1-4 are pentatonic
      • F major for most of opening section
      • Lots of dissonance in the 'allegro' section
      • Note clusters and complex chords suggest polytonality
    • Harmony
      • Bare octaves and 4ths
      • Tone clusters, e.g. bar 65
      • Complex polytonal chords e.g. bar 78
      • Bi-tri tonal elements in 'presto barbaro'
      • Non functional - frequent dissonance
    • Melody
      • Pentatonic opening
      • Melodies in the allegro are influenced by mambo and jazz e.g. falling intervals bar 42 onwards
      • Draws on F minor blues scale
      • Influenced by Copland's 'Wild West' style
    • Rhythm & Metre
      • Driving ostinato in the allegro - piano and timpani
      • Syncopation and Cross Rhythms, bars 60-62
      • Frequent changes of metre starts in common time - every third bar in triple time
      • 'Allegro' alternates between alla breve and triple time every other bar
  • Driving ostinato in the allegro - piano and timpani

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