Berlin Wall

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  • Created by: sarahrtx
  • Created on: 04-05-15 15:34
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  • Berlin Wall
    • On 13th August 1961 Berlin woke up to a wall of men with guns. From this moment on the Berlin wall began to be constructed.
      • It is still unclear how much Krushchev had to do with the wall being erected.
    • In the 28 years very few people crossed from East to West.
    • The wall increased stability in the GDR because they were no longer losing their workers and people knew they just had to come to terms with life in the GDR.
    • Guards who killed GDR citizens attempting to cross the border received honours and extra pay.
    • There were many escape attempts inc. people hiding in the back of cars and using hot air balloons
    • FRG
      • Willy Brandt was elected Chancellor in 1969.
        • Brandt created Ostpolitik. This was the increased communication between the East and West
        • After 1972 Brandt's popularity began to fall. The economy was dropping and terrorism was becoming a problem (1972 Munich Olympics)
          • Brandt wasn't very good at dealing with domestic issues.
      • Helmut Schmidt succeeded Willy Brandt
        • His Chancellorship was mainly dominated with economic problems.
        • Did a good job of dealing with the first oil crisis.
      • Helmut Kohl succeeded Schmidt.
        • He was keen to integrate Germany with the West. Especially France
      • The FRG was seen as the model for democracy
      • In the GDR a one bedroom flat cost 44 marks a onth, as oppose to 250 marks in the FRG
        • GDR
          • Honecker was the leader of the GDR
            • Honecker removed a lot of Ulbricht's new economic plan
            • Honecker wanted to improve the industry to help improve the living standard
          • 70% of the GDR's national income was given to COMECON
          • By the mid 70s 60,000 Vietnamese citizens were living and working in the UK
          • Honecker tried to spend his way out of the economic problems.
          • In 1971 the wage increased slightly
          • In 1976 the retirement pensions increased
          • In 1984 the maternity leave was made the best in the world. It was 1.5 years for your 3rd children.
          • Average rent in the GDR was 5% of income. FRG was 30%
            • FRG
              • Willy Brandt was elected Chancellor in 1969.
                • Brandt created Ostpolitik. This was the increased communication between the East and West
                • After 1972 Brandt's popularity began to fall. The economy was dropping and terrorism was becoming a problem (1972 Munich Olympics)
                  • Brandt wasn't very good at dealing with domestic issues.
              • Helmut Schmidt succeeded Willy Brandt
                • His Chancellorship was mainly dominated with economic problems.
                • Did a good job of dealing with the first oil crisis.
              • Helmut Kohl succeeded Schmidt.
                • He was keen to integrate Germany with the West. Especially France
              • The FRG was seen as the model for democracy
              • In the GDR a one bedroom flat cost 44 marks a onth, as oppose to 250 marks in the FRG
                • GDR
                  • Honecker was the leader of the GDR
                    • Honecker removed a lot of Ulbricht's new economic plan
                    • Honecker wanted to improve the industry to help improve the living standard
                  • 70% of the GDR's national income was given to COMECON
                  • By the mid 70s 60,000 Vietnamese citizens were living and working in the UK
                  • Honecker tried to spend his way out of the economic problems.
                  • In 1971 the wage increased slightly
                  • In 1976 the retirement pensions increased
                  • In 1984 the maternity leave was made the best in the world. It was 1.5 years for your 3rd children.
                  • Average rent in the GDR was 5% of income. FRG was 30%
                    • The church helped with education and health
                    • 20% of the GDR were working for the Stasi
                    • In the mid 70s there was less free speech than every before.
                    • In the 1980s industrial growth and wages were falling
                    • In 1979 the gross national income per head was £6,430
                    • In 1988 the Soviet Foreign Minister made it clear that this was the time to end the Brezhnev Doctrine
            • The church helped with education and health
            • 20% of the GDR were working for the Stasi
            • In the mid 70s there was less free speech than every before.
            • In the 1980s industrial growth and wages were falling
            • In 1979 the gross national income per head was £6,430
            • In 1988 the Soviet Foreign Minister made it clear that this was the time to end the Brezhnev Doctrine

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