Berlin Blockade

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  • Berlin Blockade of 1948
    • causes
      • How the Allies divided Germany in 1945
        • In 1945, the allies decided to split Germany into 4 zones of occupations. The capital, Berlin was also split into 4 zones.
    • Why there was a crisis in Berlin in 1948?
      • Cold War was just getting started. eg. Czechslovakia fall to communism in 1948.
        • USSR and USA had DIFFERENT AIMS. USSR wanted to destroyed Germany  , as he demanded huge reparation from West Berlin. Whereas, USA wanted to rebuild Germany and genuinely improve the conditions so that he will have a trading panther.
          • In JAN 1947, Britain and USA joined their 2 zones (BIZONIA) to get their industries going. Bizonia joined with France to form Trizonia.
        • In MARCH 1948 the US offer MARSHALL PLAN.  Stalin forbade any countries under Cominform to take part.
          • By JUNE 1ST 1948, Britain, France and USA announced they wanted a new country of West Germany.
            • Why there was a crisis in Berlin in 1948?
              • Cold War was just getting started. eg. Czechslovakia fall to communism in 1948.
                • USSR and USA had DIFFERENT AIMS. USSR wanted to destroyed Germany  , as he demanded huge reparation from West Berlin. Whereas, USA wanted to rebuild Germany and genuinely improve the conditions so that he will have a trading panther.
                  • In JAN 1947, Britain and USA joined their 2 zones (BIZONIA) to get their industries going. Bizonia joined with France to form Trizonia.
                • In MARCH 1948 the US offer MARSHALL PLAN.  Stalin forbade any countries under Cominform to take part.
                  • By JUNE 1ST 1948, Britain, France and USA announced they wanted a new country of West Germany.
                    • On JUNE 23TH 1948, a new currency called The DEUTSCHMARK was introduced.
            • On JUNE 23TH 1948, a new currency called The DEUTSCHMARK was introduced.
    • What happened in the Berlin Blockade and airlift of 1948?
      • Stalin cut off all rail and road links to West Berlin.
        • The West saw this as an attempt to starve the West Berliners to surrender, so they decided to supply by air.
          • 275,000 planes transported 1.5 million ton of supplies, including chocolates, and a plane landed every 3 minutes at Berlin's Templehof airport.
    • results
      • Cold War got worse. It almost started an all-out war. There was increased tension, as both complete in ARM RACES.
        • In May 1949, trizonia (France, Britain and USA) united their zones into Federal Republic of Germany.
          • In OCTOBER  1949, Stalin set up the Democratic Republic of Germany.
            • In 1949, US set up NATO as a  military alliance against USSR.
              • in 1955, USSR form WARSAW PACT- an military alliance-to rival NATO.

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