Bentham- Act Utilitarianism

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  • Bentham- Act Utilitarianism
    • Act Utilitarianism
      • Assesses each individual situation on its own merits with the aim of promoting the greatest happiness for those involved.
    • One single basis for ethics
      • Believed this was nature.
      • Rejected morality based on divine authority.
    • Beliefs
      • Not only is humanity under the masters pain and pleasure, but that every human should prefer pleasure.
      • Theories are worthless unless they have practical application.
      • Pain and pleasure are products of the senses.
    • Hedonic Calculus
      • Purity.
      • Remoteness.
      • Intensity
      • Certainty.
      • Extent.
      • Duration.
      • Fecundity.
        • Chance it will produce other pleasurable experiences.
    • Criticisms
      • Views all pleasures of being of equal value
      • Rejects the idea of human rights.
      • Has the logical consequences of allowing what common sense might regard as evil as a good.
      • Theory based on nature.
        • Eighteenth-century concept of nature to morality is outdated.
  • Single basis for ethics and morality is nature, not divine authority.
    • Beliefs
      • Not only is humanity under the masters pain and pleasure, but that every human should prefer pleasure.
      • Theories are worthless unless they have practical application.
      • Pain and pleasure are products of the senses.

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