Behaviourist Approach

This is the Behaviourist approach, minus the methodology and one of the weaknesses. 

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  • Created by: Tash_xo
  • Created on: 22-02-14 13:46
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  • Behaviourist Approach
    • Assumptions
      • Operant Conditioning
      • Classical Conditioning
      • Social Learning Theory
    • Social Learning Theory of Aggression
      • Links to Social Learning Theory and Classical Conditioning
      • First few steps of the theory
        • Mental Representation; Attention; Models to identify; Vicarious Reinforcement; Expectations; Role of direct reinforcement
      • Last few steps of the theory
        • Identification: See yourself as the person being reinforced
        • Maintenance: Copy the behaviour, become positively or negatively reinforced.
    • Bobo Doll Experiment
      • Albert Bandura conducted the experiment to see how children learn behaviour.
      • The children observed adults showing aggression towards a bobo doll. Children imitated the adults and they learned and observed the consequences.
      • The children became positively and negatively reinforced. They learn through observation
    • Strengths
      • Lab experiments is the best way to study causal relationships. Extraneous variables can be carefully controlled. This is a strength because it produces reliable results.
      • Can be repeated and quantified. It is easier to analyse and make comparisons. Repetition produces reliable results to look at.
    • Weaknesses
      • Unlikely that the people will behave the same way in a lab experiment. That means there will be no reliable results. Experiment could be sabotaged - Demand Characteristics
    • Aversion Therapy
      • A form of therapy that uses classical conditioning as a form of counter conditioning to treat disorders
      • Links to classical conditioning. Using the unconditioned stimulus and response and changing/using stimulus effectively until the right response is given
      • Unconditioned stimulus = alcohol; Unconditioned response = Pleasure
      • Conditioned stimlus = alcohol; Conditioned response = Pain
      • During experiment, patient is given tablets to make the sick so when they drink alcohol they become sick. Eventually, after treatment, patient will associate being exposed to alcohol with being sick. Classically conditioning them to help them avoid alcohol


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