Behavioural approach

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  • Behavioural Approach
    • Theorists and Theories
      • Behaviourism
        • Based on the observation of the human and animal learning
        • Learning things from experience
        • Define 'learning' as acquisition of new behaviour
      • Conditioning
        • Classical Conditioning
          • When a natural reflex responds to a stimulus
            • Pavlov's Dogs
        • Operant (behavioural)
          • When a response to a stimulus is reinforced
            • Skinner
              • Most behaviourr is learnt
              • Learning takes place as a result of rewards
              • Behaviour will be repeated if there's a reward
            • Positive Reinforcement
              • Pleasurable outcomes
                • Toys
                • Sweets
            • Negative reinforcement
              • Something unpleasant ceases
                • Nagging
            • Punishment
              • Something unpleasant happens
                • Smacking
      • Modelling- Albert Bandura
        • Conditioning only partly explains whats happening
        • People learn from what they see and hear around them
          • If the behaviour is rewarded
            • People imitate others
        • People imitate others
        • 'Social Learning Approach'
    • Family Therapy
      • Involve the full family
      • Every needs to agree
      • Can cause labelling
      • May cause for friction
    • Time out
    • Token Economies
      • Reinforcement- given as a reward
      • No value in themselves but can be exchanged for something a person wants
    • ABC approach
      • A
        • Anticedent- what is happening before the behaviour occurs
      • B
        • The behaviour
      • C
        • The consequence of the behaviour
    • Strengths
      • Involes more than just the service user normally
      • A new behaviour can be shaped
      • Includes specific targets
    • Weaknesses
      • Can take a long time
      • May need to come up with several interventions
    • What not to do when modifying behaviour
      • Never bribe
        • The child will be in control
      • Never punish
        • Doesn't guide the child to an alternative behaviour
      • Never become angry
        • Children are likely to imitate angry and abusive behaviour
    • Systematic desensitisation
      • Relaxation technique
      • Person learns how to associate good feelings and thoughts with things
        • Help overcome phobias
          • Relaxation technique

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