Behavioural summary

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  • Created by: rachel
  • Created on: 13-03-13 16:56
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  • Behavioural
    • Behavioural Assumptions
      • All behaviour is learned.
      • Maladaptive behaviours are acquired the same way.
    • Abnormality caused by learning.
      • Strict behaviourists believe that only behaviour is important - not thoughts or feelings.
      • Classical conditioning - learning through association
      • Operant conditioning - learning through reward & punishment
      • Social learning - observation & vicarious rewards.
      • Learning environments reinforce problematic behaviours e.g. avoidant behaviour lowers anxiety & so is rewarding
    • Limitations
      • Limited view of factors that cause mental disorder, cognitive behavioural therapies include the role of thought
      • Explanation Flawed - not everyone with phobia can identify a time when this was experiences & learned
      • Some phobias more likely to develop than others - biological preparedness a key factor rathen than just learning.
      • Symptom substitution suggests that although symptoms of a disorder may be behavioural, causes may not be.
    • Therapies
      • SD
        • Gradual exposure to feared stimulus. & based on counter conditioning.
        • Steps: Learn relaxation, construct desensitisation hierarchy. Visualise each event whilst relaxing. work though hierarchy. Eventually master fear
        • Strengths
          • Quick & requires very little effort
          • Useful for people with learning disabilities.
          • 75% recovery for phobics when treated with SD (capons et al.)
        • Limitations
          • Deals with symptoms not cause - may lead to symptom substitution.
          • Ma y be less effective for 'ancient fears' such as fear of dark.


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