Bandura Theory

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  • Created by: maizie
  • Created on: 04-07-18 11:54
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  • Bandura- Social Learning Theory
    • Bandura's theory is based on the idea that the environment influences development
    • Children learn through imitation and role modelling.
    • He suggests that people can learn through observation, including direct instruction, modelling and imitation.
    • He carried out observations and experiments (his famous experiment was the Bobo doll.)
    • He believed that learning occurred through observing the behaviour of others.
    • Unfortunately, he found that children may copy unwanted behaviours such as hitting, as well as positive behaviours.
    • Bandura suggested there were four stages of behavioural learning.
      • The child notices the behaviour of another person.
        • The child 'internalises' the action by remembering what they have observed.
          • Depending on the outcome (positive or negative re-inforcement) the child will either repeat the behaviour or discontinue the behaviour.
            • Positive re-inforcement would either be personal satisfaction or rewards.
            • Negative re-inforcement is lack of satisfaction or punishment.
            • They will reproduce the behaviour when a similar opportunity occurs.
    • His famous experiment using the Bobo doll  demonstrated that children learn and copy aggressive behaviour if they are being subjected to it.

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