Bandura - Self-efficacy

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  • Bandura - Self efficacy
    • Aim:
      • To assess the self-efficacy of patients undergoing systematic desensitisation in relation to their behaviour with previously PHOBIC objects.
    • Methodology:
      • A quasi experiment (quasi, because participants all already had a snake phobia).
    • Participants:
      • 10 SNAKE PHOBIC patients who replied to an advertisement in a NEWSPAPER.
      • 9 females and 1 male aged 19-57 years old.
    • Procedure:
      • Pre-test assessment. Each participant tested for AVOIDANCE behaviour towards a BOA CONSTRICTOR. FEAR AROUSAL measured on an ORAL rating of 1-10.
      • Efficacy EXPECTATIONS (how much they thought they would be able to complete the tasks) was also measured.
      • A SYSTEMATIC DESENSITISATION programme was followed. Patients introduced to a series of events involving snakes and were taught RELAXATION at each stage.
      • Activites ranged from looking at PICTURES of snakes to handling LIVE snakes.
      • Post-test assessments were carried out on self-efficacy and COPING.
    • Findings:
      • HIGHER levels of post-test self-efficacy were found to CORRELATE with HIGHER levels of INTERACTION with snakes.
    • Conclusions:
      • Desensitisation enhanced self-efficacy levels which led to a belief that the participant was able to COPE with their phobia of snakes.

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