Background and foundations of US foreign policy

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  • Background and foundations of US foreign policy
    • Containment
      • US power should be used to contain and 'roll back' communism where possible
    • ''The long telegram''
      • Written by Kennan
        • Gives his view about the Soviets and what the US policy should be towards them
      • One of the most influential underpinnings for America's cold war policy of containment
    • NSC 68, 1950
      • Bipolar- USSR aiming for world domination, spending more on the army than the US
        • 1949, USSR create first atomic bomb- USA lose atomic monopoly
        • USA should increase military spending and develop hydrogen bomb to regain initiative in arms race
      • USA should engage in limited wars to resist communism
      • USSR must be handled forcefully
    • The Truman Doctrine, 1947
      • US could no longer stand by and allow the forcible expansion of Soviet totalitarianism into free independent states
      • US was compelled to assist ''free peoples'' in their struggles against ''totalitarian regimes''
    • National Security council
      • to advise the president in the new context of the cold war
      • growing amount of experts and analysts that produced a series of influential policy statements
  • The Truman Doctrine, 1947
    • US could no longer stand by and allow the forcible expansion of Soviet totalitarianism into free independent states
    • US was compelled to assist ''free peoples'' in their struggles against ''totalitarian regimes''

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