Babies and Toddlers

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  • Babies and Toddlers (0-3 years)
    • Fat
      • Whole milk and dairy products should be consumed to meet high energy requirements
    • Carbohydrates
      • Small portions of complex carbohydrates should be introduded
      • Avoid too much NSP as very bulky and difficult to digest
      • Limit wholegrain foods
    • Protein
      • Requirements increase moderately throughout this stage to help growth occur
    • Calcium
      • Required for healthy tooth and bone development
    • Iron
      • After 6 months iron stores are depleted and must be fulfilled from the diet
    • Sodium
      • Cannot cope with high levels of sodium as kidneys are not fully developed
    • Vitamin A
      • Needed for healthy skin and brain development during this period of rapid growth
    • Vitamin D
      • Assists absorption of calcium to help bones and teeth
    • B Group Vitamins
      • Vitamin B1 helps with the release of energy required during this time of rapid growth and activity
    • Vitamin C
      • Assists absorption of iron from food
      • Improves immunity and prevents infections common at this stage of development
    • Water
      • Fluid intake is important at this stage to maintain body temperature and prevent constipation

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