Austria and Prussa 1849-66

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  • Austria and Prussa 1849-66
    • Position of Austria after 1848
      • Economic and Financial Problems
        • Tried to introduce better customs
          • Zollunion Between Austria and the zollverein
          • Alternative union to include those German states outside Zollverein
        • Crimean War
          • Crippled the economy by keeping large armies mobilised
        • Depression swept over Europe in late 1950s
      • Hungarian Uprisings
      • Reignition of the Diet
        • May 1850
        • Reaction to the Prussian Union Plan
        • Grossdeutschland to be governed by larger German states
          • Attracted interest of lager states who thought they'd get more power
    • Position of Prussia after 1848
      • The Prussian Union Plan
        • Frederick William and General Radowitz
        • German Federal Reich (excluding Austria)
        • There would be a permanent 'union' between the Reich and the Hapsburg Empire
        • Austrian Chief Minister not happy
        • 'Three King Alliance' between Prussia, Saxony and Hanover
        • Erfurt March 1850
          • 28 states agreed to a Prussian-dominated Erfurt Union
          • Several important states were fearful of Austria and so declined to join
      • Economic succes
        • Boom in industrial production
          • More railway building
          • Foreign trade more then doubled
        • Factors helping
          • Good education system
          • Plentiful suppy of coal, iron and chemicals
          • Good communication
          • Zollverein
      • Manteuffel's reformations
        • Countryside
          • Peasants freed from obligations to landlords
          • low-interest loans allowed peasants to buy land
          • financial aid to move peasants from overcrowded areas to less populated
        • Towns
          • Minimum wage
          • Financial help to industries
          • Inspectors in factories
          • Industrial courts settled disputes
      • Remained on good terms with other European powers
        • Especially Russia
        • generally neutral
      • William I replaced the insane Frederick William IV
      • Reformation of Army
        • General Roon
        • 1860 bill to reform
          • Double the size
          • Increase military service to 3 years
          • Reduce role played by the Landwehr (old middle class)
          • re-equip troops
        • Led to Constitutional crisis 1860-2
          • Liberals were against increasing army budget
          • Solved when Bismarck was appointed Chief-Minister
            • Turned round and took the money out of taxation
  • German Federal Reich (excluding Austria)
  • Capitulation of Olmutz
    • Erfurt March 1850
      • 28 states agreed to a Prussian-dominated Erfurt Union
      • Several important states were fearful of Austria and so declined to join
    • Reignition of the Diet
      • May 1850
      • Reaction to the Prussian Union Plan
      • Grossdeutschland to be governed by larger German states
        • Attracted interest of lager states who thought they'd get more power
    • 29th November 1850
    • Manteuffel and Schwarzenberg agreed to abandon the Prussian Union Plan
    • It was also agreed a conference at Dresden in 1851
      • Austria wanted Germany included in the Habsburg Empire
      • Prussia had little power but with large public support aimed to achieve a Germany of Pre-1848
      • Prussians blames Austria for the humiliation
        • Wanted united Germany under Prussia

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