Austerity and its end 1951-65?

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  • Austerity and its End 1951-65
    • What was austerity and why was it needed ?
      • AUSTERITY: restrictions on what the U.K. Government could spend or British people could buy
      • Reasons for austerity
        • Debt from WW2
        • Rationing
        • Limited rebuilding materials
        • Increase exports & Decrease imports
    • What problems faced the U.K.  In the beginning of the 1950s
      • RATIONING
        • Food, clothes, fuel and others needed in WW2
        • AFTER WAR people excepted rationing BUT IT WAS EXTENDED to new materials
        • RICH used black market
        • POOR got more than before
        • CONSERVATIVES used anger of people to win 1951 election
      • WELFARE
        • 1951 ROWNTREE SURVEY showed that poverty decreased in the U.K.
      • HOUSING
        • 38 million civilians forced to move
        • Limited houses = INCREASE house price
          • Rise in marriages 11%
          • Baby BOOM 1 million
          • Demobilisation of 4 million U.K. Military
          • Rise in divorce 12,000-60,000
        • 1945 LABOUR proposed to build 200,000 new homes
          • Used pre-fans to speed up process
        • NEW LAWS
          • TOWNS AND COUNTRY PLANNING ACT 1947 - more power to council
          • HOUSING ACT 1949 - provided money for modernising
          • NEW TOWNS ACT 1946 - 50,000 new houses priority

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