AUGUSTUS' CONSTITUTIONAL POSITION- HONOURS AND TITLES ETC

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  • AUGUSTUS' CONSTITUTIONAL POSITION- HONOURS AND TITLES ETC
    • after defeat of Antony and Cleopatra- Augustus returned from east and  aimed to restore confidence and peace.
    • 31- 27
      • R.G 'with universal consent I was in complete control of affairs.' BEFORE 27
      • still held power of triumvir- backed up with oath of allegiance.
      • held the consulship every year. 43, 33, NOT 32, 31, 30, 29, 28, 27, 26, 25, 24.
    • 27
      • wanted to normalise his position in the state- HE RENOUNCED ALL HIS POWERS AND PROVICES- PUT AT DISPOSAL OF STATE AND PEOPLE
      • senate protested- granted him proconsular imperium for ten years- had right to appoint legates, make war and conclude treaties.
      • he continued to be elected as consul every year- gave him imperium in Rome and Italy.
    • 23
      • SERIOUS CONSPIRACY AGAINST HIM by Varro Murena and Fannius Caepio- senatorial resentment of his power and consulships etc..
      • became very ill- may have encouraged him to give up the consulship.
      • gave up his consulship- but was compensated in two ways
        • his proconsular imperium recognised as superior- proconsulare imperium maius.
        • he was granted tribunician power for life without a colleague unless he co-opted one. gave him the right to legislate in assembly, to summon the senate and put motions in, to veto and to help citizens oppressed. TRIBUNICIA POTESTAS
    • 27- 24. HE WAS AWAY IN PROVINCES
    • 22-19
      • GRANTED THE IMPERIUM OF A CONSUL BUT REFUSED OFFER OF DICTATORSHIP.
        • 'the dictatorship was offered to me by both the senate and the people in my absence, but I refused it... at that time the consulship was also offered to me, to be held each year for the rest of my life, and I refused it.'
          • 'on five occasions, of my own initiative, I asked for and received from the senate a colleague in that power'
      • imperium of a consul without holding the position of consul gave him jurisdiction in Rome and Italy.
        • he had the right to sit on a curule chair between the consuls in the senate, to be attended by 12 lictors and to summon the senate and put the first business before it.

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