Augustine's Theodicy

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  • Augustine's theodicy
    • Moral evil
      • World begins perfect
      • Adam and Eve chose to do evil - fall of man
      • We are all present when they chose to do evil so we know evil [semonially present]
      • Future generations know evil
      • Evil is not the fault of God
        • Free will defence = God gave us free will out of kindness and after the fall of man we became distanced from God
      • We are 'soul-deciding' which means we can decide to to move towards God by acting good or away through acting bad
    • Natural evil
      • Natural evil serves as a punishment for the fall of man
      • Moral evil disrupted the balance of harmony so natural evil was a punishment
      • Our free will can also cause natural evil through us damaging the world [global warming]
    • At creation, evil and suffering were unknown to earth
    • This means that evil is a 'privatio boni' [privation]
      • As evil did not exist, evil is therefore not a substance, God did not create it
        • At creation, evil and suffering were unknown to earth
      • Note - Augustine did not say that evil was an absence of good but a privation which means quality that is supposed to be there but isnt - lack of good
        • E.g A BLIND PERSON - Blindness is not a serperate entity but a privation of sight
    • Note - Augustine did not say that evil was an absence of good but a privation which means quality that is supposed to be there but isnt - lack of good
      • E.g A BLIND PERSON - Blindness is not a serperate entity but a privation of sight

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