attachment, not finished

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  • attchment
    • bowlby's theory
      • innate
        • "inborn", the product of genetic factors
          • innate tendency to form a strong qualitatively different attachment to one person
          • attachment has a survival value and is observed in most animals therefore it is most likely to have a genetic basis
      • monotropy
        • innate tendency to form a strong qualitatively different attachment to one person
      • sensitive period
        • biologically determined period of time during which an infant is most likely to develop an attachment
      • social releasers
        • infants are born with certain characteristics which elicit care giving from adults
      • evolutionary basis
        • attachment has a survival value and is observed in most animals therefore it is most likely to have a genetic basis
      • internal working model
        • template for future relationships based on first attachment
      • imprinting
        • tendency for newborn animals to form an attachment to any animal that is present and follow them like their mother
        • continuity hypothesis
          • link between early attachment relationship and later emotional behaviour
        • strengths
      • the learning theory
        • behaviour is learnt rather than inborn
          • individuals are born as 'blank slates'-'tabula rasa'- and everything they become is based on the experiences they have
        • dollard and miller
          • basis for the learning of attachments is the provision of food
            • an infant will initially form an attchment with whoever feeds it
        • strengths
          • theory has face validity
          • idea of association and reinforcement works
        • weaknesses
          • food may not be the main reinforcer
          • harlow's research

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