Psychology AS Unit 1 A - Attatchment (nearly done)

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Attatchment - AS Psychology A Unit1
    • Theories Of Attatchment
      • Bowlby's Evolutionary Theory
        • Something like imprinting happens in humans.
          • Evolved biological need to attatch to primary caregiver.
            • Having one special bond is called monotropy.
            • Survival Benefits
          • Provides safe base to explore the environment.
          • Internal Working Model
            • Attatchment Provides template for all future relationships.
          • Critical Period of up to 3 years to make this attatchment otherwise damages social and emotional development.
      • Learning Theory
      • Lorenz Ethological Approach
        • Imprinting
          • Form an attatchment with the first moving object an animal sees after birth.
        • Geese followed Lorenz because he was the first moving object they saw.
    • Types of attatchment
      • Ainsworth's Strange Situation
      • Insecure/Secure Attatchments
        • Insecure Avoidant
        • Insecure Resistant
        • Secure
    • Disruption of Attatchment
      • Seperation
        • Child is away from caregiver for a short time.
        • PDD model
          • 1) Protest 2) Despair 3) Detatchment
          • Attachment can be permanently damaged.
            • Lack of trust
            • Lack of security
          • Robertson and Robertson (1968)
            • natural experiment
            • several children
            • John left in residential nnursery for nine days
              • Long term permanent damage
              • Short Term very bad effects.
      • Deprivation
        • Long Term/permanent loss.
        • Bowlby - 44 Juvenile thieves
          • 14 classed as emotionless psychopaths
            • 12 out of those 14 had experienced frequent separation from primary caregiver
          • Case Studies
    • What is an attatchment?
      • A close emotional bond between two individuals who both desire to be in cose proximity.
      • Macobby (1980)
        • Said There are 4 characteristics of an attatchment.
          • Seeking proximity
          • Seperation Anxiety
          • Pleasure when reunited
          • General Orientation of behaviour towards caregiver.
        • Ainsworth's Strange Situation
    • Cultural Differences in attatchment
      • Kroonenberg cross cultural study of Strange Situation
        • Similar percentage of secure children in all countries.
        • Western Cultures- more avoidant relationships
        • Eastern Cultures - more resistant relationships
      • Grossman
        • German more avoidant because value independence
        • Japanes more resistant because value dependence and group success
    • Child Care
      • Effects on Aggression
        • HAskins
          • large groups = more aggressive
        • Vandel
          • more time in day care = more noncompliant
      • Effects on Peer relations
        • Negative
          • Sroufe
            • Longitudinal
            • Supports Bowlbys Continuity Hypothesis
            • Day Care increases likelihood of insecure attatchment - insecure attatchment leads to insecure peer relationships in later life.
        • Positive
          • Clarke-Stewart et al
            • Increased time in day care speeds up social development
          • Shea
            • High positive correlation between time spent in day care an sociability
      • Effects on Attatchment
        • Positive
          • Clarke Stewart et al
            • 500 Children
            • 30+ hours in day caare no more affected
        • Negative
          • Belsky
            • Bowlby Continuity hypothesis
            • If child is in day care for more than four months within the first year of being born then the attatchment risks disruption
  • Child Care
    • Effects on Aggression
      • HAskins
        • large groups = more aggressive
      • Vandel
        • more time in day care = more noncompliant
    • Effects on Peer relations
      • Negative
        • Sroufe
          • Longitudinal
          • Supports Bowlbys Continuity Hypothesis
          • Day Care increases likelihood of insecure attatchment - insecure attatchment leads to insecure peer relationships in later life.
      • Positive
        • Clarke-Stewart et al
          • Increased time in day care speeds up social development
        • Shea
          • High positive correlation between time spent in day care an sociability
    • Effects on Attatchment
      • Positive
        • Clarke Stewart et al
          • 500 Children
          • 30+ hours in day caare no more affected
      • Negative
        • Belsky
          • Bowlby Continuity hypothesis
          • If child is in day care for more than four months within the first year of being born then the attatchment risks disruption

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Attachment resources »