Attachment

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  • Created by: ashleigh
  • Created on: 09-01-15 22:11
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  • Attachment
    • Attachment is an emotional tie or relationship between two people that can be shown in their behaviour
    • Bowlbys Theory
      • Innate
        • Gneticallly pre- programmes
        • Born knowing how to form an attachment
      • Working memory model formed
        • Bowlby said  your first attachment forms the blueprint for all future relationships
      • Better chance of survival
        • Evolutionary
      • Social releasers
        • crying
        • Screaming
        • distressed behaviour
      • Hazen and Shaver
        • investigate the role of early attachment types on relationships
        • Questionaire in paper about love
        • Secure attachements believed in lasting love and were trustworthy. Axious avoidant didnt believe in lasting love and ambivalent types fell in love easy but didnt believe theu have found true love
      • Schaffer and Emerson
        • They found children formed more than one attachemnt
        • 7 months= 29% of people 18 months= 87&
        • Goes against Bowlby
    • Learning Theory
      • Classical conditioning
        • The pleasure that comes from food is associated with the food  giver
      • Operant conditioning
        • The uncomfortable feeling that comes from hunger is solved by the food giver, so the child wants them close
      • Attachment is learnt
      • Harlows Monkeys
        • Monkeys were taken from their mother at birth and put in a cage, with food atone side and cloth for comfort at the other. The amount of time the monkeys spent at each was recorded
        • Investigate whether food or comfort is more important in an attachment
        • Food is therefore not the base of attachments
      • Dollard and Miller
        • Worked out baby monkeys are fed 2,000 times in the first year- enough time to form an association= operant conditioning
          • Operant conditioning
            • The uncomfortable feeling that comes from hunger is solved by the food giver, so the child wants them close

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