Attachments mind map 2 - 9th november 2016

  • Created by: jp3louis
  • Created on: 09-11-16 13:52
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  • Attachment 9th November 2016
    • Definitions
      • Attachment
        • A strong emotional and reciprocal relationship especially between a child and its care giver.
      • Proximity seeking behaviour
        • The child wanting to stay close to the attachment figure
      • Secure base behaviour
        • Secure attachment- gives a sense of safety so the child can explore and become independent and then come back to the c/g when needed.
      • Separation anxiety
        • Distress shown by and infant when separated from attachment figure.
      • Stranger anxiety
        • Shows distress when approached by someone unfamiliar.
      • Reunion behaviour
        • How the infant responds when attachment figure comes back
      • Primary attachment figure
        • Person for whom the infant shows a special preference to.
      • Multiple attachments
        • Attachments to multiple people.
    • Case studies
      • Schaffers and Emerson
        • They suggested that attachment happens in stages.
          • Stage 1: Asocial stage (first few weeks) The baby recognises and forms bonds with c/g. Similar behaviour between objects and humans but adult faces calm them.
          • Stage 2: Indiscriminate attachment (2-7 months) More observable social behaviour but preferences to humans rather than objects. Accepts cuddles and comfort- no separation anxiety so they have indiscriminate behaviour.
          • Stage 3: Specific attachment 97 months) Displaying anxiety - separation anxiety. A specific attachment is formed with and adult who responds to babies actions the most (not who's always with them)
          • Stage 4: Multiple attachments (1Year) They extend their attachments with other adults they see often. These are called secondary attachments. Babies start  to form secondary attachments within 1 month of specific attachments.


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