ATTACHMENT

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  • ATTACHMENT
    • Caregiver-infant interactions in humans
      • reciprocity
        • Jaffe et al
          • conversation
        • Serrano et al
          • smiling
        • elict
      • interactional synchrony
        • Meltzoff + Moore
          • 1/3
          • AO3
            • fine detail
          • 2- 3 weeks
        • direct response
    • Stages of attachment identified by Schaffer
      • pre
      • asocial
      • indiscriminate
      • mutliple
      • specific
      • Schaffer + Emerson
        • 30%
        • 10 months vs 18 months
        • 60 infants
        • 1st 18 months
        • own homes
    • Multiple attachments
      • 30%
    • the role of the father
      • outdated sexist view
      • Maccallum + Golombok
        • children w/o not different
      • Field
        • PCG fathers
      • Grossman
        • adolescent
    • Animal studies of attachment
      • Lorenz
        • Greylag geese
        • AO3
          • diffeent attahcment systems
          • extrapolation
        • incubator vs mother
        • sexual imprinting
      • Harlow
        • Rhesus monkeys
        • AO3
          • theoretical value
          • ethical issues
        • maternally deprived
        • contact comfort > feeding
        • two wire mtoehrs
    • Explanations of attachment
      • learning theory
        • classical conditioning
          • food is UCS/ mother is CS
        • social learning theory
          • siblings being rewarded for behaviours
        • AO3
          • counter evidence
            • human resrearch
            • animal research
          • simplistic
          • plausible
      • Bowlby’s monotropic theory
        • critical period
          • approx 2 yrs
        • internal working model
          • continuity hypothesis
        • sensitive period
        • social releasers
        • survival
    • Ainsworth’s ‘Strange Situation’
      • Types of attachment
        • secure
          • moderate anxiety
          • willing to explore
          • joy upon reunion
        • insecure-avoidant
          • little response upon reunion
          • low stranger/ seperation anxiety
        • insecure-resistant
          • high stranger/ separation anxiety
          • low willingness
        • due to responsiveness of PCG
        • Kagan: temperament
      • original
        • 100 m/c American infants + mothers
        • found different types
          • Types of attachment
            • secure
              • moderate anxiety
              • willing to explore
              • joy upon reunion
            • insecure-avoidant
              • little response upon reunion
              • low stranger/ seperation anxiety
            • insecure-resistant
              • high stranger/ separation anxiety
              • low willingness
            • due to responsiveness of PCG
            • Kagan: temperament
        • 7, 3 minute episodes
        • AO3
          • controlled observation
          • culturally relative
          • crude
      • tested anxiety + exploration
    • Cultural variations in attachment
      • Van Ijzendoorn
        • Germany
        • Israel and Japan
        • China vs GB
        • 1.5 X
        • AO3
          • large sample
          • method
        • best
      • Grossman et al
        • Germany
          • independence > indifference
    • Bowlby’s theory of maternal deprivation
      • 14/ 44
        • 12/14
      • interviewed families + individuals
      • affectionless psychopathy
      • delinquency
      • irreversible
      • AO3
        • WHO
        • confused
        • overemphasis
    • Romanian orphan studies: effects of institutionalisation
      • Rutter: ERA
        • adopted by British fmailies
        • AO3
          • field experiments lack control
            • Zeanah
              • random assignment
          • real world
          • longitudinal
        • mental retardation
      • Krepper
        • pretend play
      • Zeanah
        • disorganised attachment
    • The influence of early attachment on childhood and adult relationships
      • the role of an internal working model
      • Hazan + Shaver
        • love quiz
        • secure
      • Wilson + Smith
        • bullying
        • 7-11 yrs
        • different types
      • AO3
        • Zimmerman
          • doesnt support
        • 'set'

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