- Created by: MollyL20
- Created on: 29-09-21 11:12
- Atavistic form- A01 and A03
- 1- Lombroso suggested that criminals were 'genetic throwbacks'- a primitive sub-species that were biologically different from non-criminals
- 2- His ideas laid the foundation for the modern offender profiling techniques. His ideas laid the foundation for the modern offender profiling techniques.
- 3- Lombroso saw criminal behaviour as a natural tendency, rooted in the genealogy of those who engage in it
- Atavistic characteristics
- Lombroso argued that the criminal sub-type could be identified trough particular physiological markers which were linked to particular types of crime.
- Cranial characteristics- narrow, sloping brow, strong prominent jaw, high cheekbones, facial asymmetry
- Murderers- bloodshot eyes, curly air and long ears
- Sexual deviants- glinting eyes, swollen fleshy lips and projecting ears
- Fraudsters- thin and reedy
- Lombroso's research
- 1- He examined 383 dead criminals and 3839 living criminals
- 2- And he concluded that 40% of criminal acts are accounted for by people with atavistic characteristics
- Contribution to criminology- A03
- 1- Shifted the emphasis in crime research away from a moralistic discourse and towards a more scientific and credible realm
- 2- in trying to describe how certain people are likely to commit certain crimes, began profiling
- 1- Goring set out to establish whether there were any physical/mental abnormalities among the criminal classes
- 2- After conducting a comparison between 3000 criminals and 300 non-criminals he concluded that there was no evidence that offenders are a distinct group with unusual facial and cranial characteristics.
- 3- This questions Lombroso's theory that they are different in appearance.
control in Lombroso's research- A03
- 1- Did not use a control group and failed to account for other important variables in his research
- 2- Many of the criminals he studied had suffered from a history of psychological disorders which may have confounded the findings