Asthma

What is Asthma?

Who is at risk?

Triggers

Treatment/management

Signs/symptoms

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  • ASTHMA
    • WHAT IS IT?
      • Respiratory condition marked by spasms in the bronchi of the lungs
      • Usually results from an allergic reaction or other forms of hypersensitivity
    • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
      • Shortness of breath
      • Wheezing
      • Tight chest
      • Coughing - particulary at night and early morning
      • SEVERE ATTACKS
        • Too breathless to speak
        • Racing pulse
        • Lips/fingernails blue - lack of oxygen
        • Blue inhaler doesn't work
        • Panic
    • WHO IS AT RISK?
      • Family history of asthma or other related atopic conditions e.g. eczema, food allergy or hayfever
      • Developing another atopic condition
      • Having Bronchiolitis as a child
      • Being exposed to tobacco smoke as a child
      • Being born prematurely
      • Born with a low birth weight
    • TRIGGERS
      • Infections
      • Medicines
      • Exercise
      • Allergens
        • Dust
        • Pollen
        • Fur
      • Indoor conditions e.g. mould spores
      • Weather conditions
      • Sulphites in foods
      • Emotional factors
      • AIrborne irrirants
    • TREATMENT AND MANAGEMENT
      • Inhalers - preventer and reliver
      • Spacers
      • Oral steroids
      • Tablets
      • Complimentary therapies e.g. aromatherapy
    • IMPACT ON THE CLIENT
      • Fear
      • Anxiety
      • Hypervigilance
      • Loss of control
      • Denial
      • Anger
      • Guilt
      • Embarrassment
      • Confusion

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