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  • Created by: Michaela
  • Created on: 22-11-12 18:15
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  • Aristotle
    • God
      • The Prime Mover is impersonal and does not act within the world but is transcendant- very different to God of classical theism.
      • The Prime Mover is the leader of order in the universe.
    • 4 Causes
      • Material
        • The substance of something
      • Efficient
        • The Cause of Something
      • Final
        • The purpose of something
      • Formal
        • The Form of  Something
    • Prime Mover
      • Prime Mover is the final cause of everything
      • Pure actuality with not potential to change, he is immutable and purely good.
      • The Prime mover, which causes all motion and change, must be eternal and unmoved
        • Moves everything through attraction (gravitational effect)
      • The Prime Movers existence is necessary, he cannot fail to exist.
      • Beginning of the constant chain of effects, does not rely on anything else
      • Aristotle referred to him as God.
      • Only knows of himself, no relationship with anything else.
        • Knows nothing of the world, unable to intervene.
    • Actuality/ Potentiality
      • Everything is in a state of change or movement.
      • Everything has the potential to become something else
      • Something must fulfill its purpose to achieve its potential
        • Final
          • The purpose of something
      • Something is causing this movement.
        • Prime Mover
          • Prime Mover is the final cause of everything
          • Pure actuality with not potential to change, he is immutable and purely good.
          • The Prime mover, which causes all motion and change, must be eternal and unmoved
            • Moves everything through attraction (gravitational effect)
          • The Prime Movers existence is necessary, he cannot fail to exist.
          • Beginning of the constant chain of effects, does not rely on anything else
          • Aristotle referred to him as God.
          • Only knows of himself, no relationship with anything else.
            • Knows nothing of the world, unable to intervene.
    • Criticisms
      • There osen't have to be a final cause, the universe could just be there with no real cause or purpose
      • Judeao-Christian God is believed to act in the world, people experience him.
      • The relationship between the Prime Mover and the universe is unclear.
      • evidence based theory (new knowledge could change the truth of the theory).
      • Infinite Regression
    • Differences to Plato
      • Aristotle rejects a dualist view of the world and  Plato's belief of the soul.
      • Rejected the forms, preferring to focus on empirical evidence and the physical world (Materialist).
      • Plato emphasises the physical world as the source of knowledge whilst Aristotle emphasises the physical worlds and experience as the basis of knowledge
      • Aristotle discards Plato’s theory of the forms due to lack of explanation about the relationship between forms and objects

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