Aristotle (2)

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  • Aristotle (2)
    • Equality
      • Equals should be treated as equals and unequals as unequals
      • Men of 'civic virtue' deserve to rule because they are effective at promoting the good life
      • Wealth is relevant because it allows for time
    • Justice and Freedom
      • Justice - Relates to all moral rules and ideas
      • Freedom - A full member of the community has freedom
    • Education and Censorship
      • Education is key for intellectual virtue
      • For ethical education, direct control is needed
      • Supervision, discipline and censorship are required
      • Moral code should be reflected in law
    • Why is the Polis natural?
      • Developed out of smaller communities
      • It is self-sufficient
      • We need to live in a polis to realize our natural (moral)  potential
      • 'Naturalness' of the Polis is heavily intertwined with his account of Eudaimonia
    • The Household
      • Hierarchies of power and relation of ruler to ruled are natural for Aristotle
      • Not all forms of ruling are the same:
        • Despotic rule: ruling in your own interest
        • Free Rule: Interest of ruled are pursued by the ruler
        • Kingly rule
        • Constitutional rule
    • Slaves
      • Rule is despotic by definition
        • 'A slave is a living posession'
      • Slavery is natural
      • Natural Slaves
        • More rational than animals and can apprehend reason
        • Can understand orders but need to be told what to do
        • Need enough courage, self control and rationality to perform tasksadequetly
    • Women and Children
      • Rule over women and children should be 'free'
      • Women should be in house under supervision of the husband
      • natural inferiority


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