2015 Biodiversity pre release goods and services

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  • Arctic goods and services
    • provisioning services
      • FORESTRY - Boreal forests
      • MINERAL & FOSSIL FUEL EXPLOITATION
      • FUTURE - potential for new forestry and fisheries
      • FISH - Atlantic cod and Arctic cod fisheries
      • Local Value
      • due to global trade
    • Supporting sevices
      • RESPIRATION
      • NUTRIENT CYCLING
      • EVAPOTRA-NSPIRATION
      • BIRD & CARIBOU MIGRATION
    • Regulating
      • Global Climate regulation
        • provides carbon sink for air quality regulation
        • stores undecomposed organic matter
        • protects permafrost thaw via ice albedo and thermohaline circulation
    • Cultural value
      • SPIRITUAL INSPIRATION
      • CULTURAL IDENTITY - indigenous ethnic groups
      • TOURISM - for leisure, recreation and aesthetics
        • cruises, whale watching, trekking
      • EDUCATION AND RESEARCH - e.g. Polar Biology Journal
      • FUTURE - shorter shipping routes?
      • due to global media and tourism
  • Local Value
  • Global Value
  • Increasing Global Value

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